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Magmas and deep fluids

Animators : David Jousselin, Laurie Reisberg

Permanent investigators : Pierre Barbey, Pierre Bouilhol, Camille Cartier, Françoise Chalot-Prat, Simon Couzinié, Etienne Deloule, Karine Devineau, François Faure, Lydéric France, Gaston Giuliani, Andrey Gurenko, David Jousselin, Béatrice Luais, Jean-Marc Montel, Raphaël Pik, Laurie Reisberg, Laurent Tissandier, Emilie Thomassot

Invited researchers / visitors :

Postdoc fellows : Céline Baudouin, Michael Broadley, Stepan Chernonozhkin, Célia Dalou, Carlotta Ferrando, Rémi Magott

PhD students : Marine Boulanger, Valentin Casola, Yumi Kitayama, Delphine Klaessens, Sarah Lang

former PhD students (since 2012) : Julien Amalberti (2015), Rémi Belissont (2016), Rémi Delon (2017), Martin Erdmann (2017), Julien Feneyrol (2012), Xiaoyan Gu (2016), Elodie Le Mignot (2014), Sarah Medynski (2013), Gaelle Mollex (2017), Marie Nicolle (2014)

Master students (2018) : Samantha Azevedo, Melvyn Billon, Florian Brouillet, Julien Jacquet, Alison Schmitt, Aurore Toussaint, Coralie Vesin


Exchanges between the deep envelopes of our planet and the surface are largely associated with the formation and movement of magma or deep fluids. The movement of these liquid phases is closely related to the internal dynamics of the Earth (plate tectonics, convection, and growth and recycling of the crust), to its differentiation, and to the creation of heterogeneities. The programme "Magma and deep fluids" is intended to contribute to the understanding and quantification of the processes involved in these exchanges, focusing on three points : the processes of magmatic evolution and their kinetics ; the modes of magma transfer between the mantle and crust ; and finally the origin, distribution, and role of deep silicate and non-silicate fluids. The approach is multidisciplinary, closely combining experimental petrology, field observation, and elemental and isotopic geochemical measurements at different scales.


Deep fluids, evolved magmatic fluids, and non-silicate magmas
Magmatic accretion
Kinetics of magmatic processes





These studies are based on the development of innovative isotopic tools that rely on the CRPG analytical facilities (ion probes, noble gas mass spectrometers, TIMS, and next-generation ICP-MS), and on the CRPG experimental petrology lab.




Magmas & deep fluids group working sites (under construction)


20 recent publications

2022

Borisova, A. Y., A. Nédélec, N. R. Zagrtdenov, M. J. Toplis, W. A. Bohrson, O. G. Safonov, I. N. Bindeman, O. E. Melnik, G. S. Pokrovski, G. Ceuleneer et al. "Hadean zircon formed due to hydrated ultramafic protocrust melting." Geology 50, no. 3 (2022): 300–304.
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Bouilhol, P., B. Debret, E. Inglis, M. Warembourg, T. Grocolas, T. Rigaudier, J. Villeneuve, and K. W. Burton. "Decoupling of inorganic and organic carbon during slab mantle devolatilisation." Nature Communications 13, no. 308 (2022).
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Ellis, B. S., J. Neukampf, O. Bachmann, C. Harris, F. Forni, T. Magna, O. Laurent, and P. Ulmer. "Biotite as a recorder of an exsolved Li-rich volatile phase in upper-crustal silicic magma reservoirs." Geology 50 (2022): 481–485.
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Ellis, B. S., D. Szymanowski, C. Harris, P. M. E. Tollan, J. Neukampf, M. Guillong, E. A. Cortes-Calderon, and O. Bachmann. "Evaluating the potential of rhyolitic glass as a lithium source for brine deposits." Economic Geologists 117, no. 1 (2022): 91–105.
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Feignon, J. G., N. Cluzel, F. Schiavi, S. Moune, O. Roche, J. Clavero, P. Schiano, and M. Auxerre. "High CO2 content in magmas of the explosive andesitic Enco eruption of Mocho‑Choshuenco volcano (Chile)." Bulletin of Volcanology 84, no. 40 (2022).
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Gaillard, F., M. A. Bouhifd, E. Füri, V. Malavergne, Y. Marrocchi, L. Noack, G. Ortenzi, M. Roskosz, and S. Vulpius. "The diverse planetary ingassing/outgassing paths produced over billions of years of magmatic activity." Space Science Reviews 217, no. 22 (2022).
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Goldberga, I., N. Patris, C. H. Chen, E. Thomassot, J. Trébosc, I. Hung, Z. Gan, D. Berthomieu, T. X. Métro, C. Bonhomme et al. "First direct insight into the local environment and dynamics of water molecules in the whewellite mineral phase: mechanochemical isotopic enrichment and high-resolution 17O and 2H NMR analyses." Materials Chemistry (2022).
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Grocolas, T., P. Bouilhol, G. Caro, and S. Mojzsis. "Eoarchean subduction-like magmatism recorded in 3750 Ma mafic–ultramafic rocks of the Ukaliq supracrustal belt (Québec)." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 177, no. 39 (2022).
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Neukampf, J., O. Laurent, P. Tollan, A. S. Bouvier, T. Magna, P. Ulmer, L. France, B. S. Ellis, and O. Bachmann. "Degassing from magma reservoir to eruption in silicic systems : The Li elemental and isotopic record from rhyolitic melt inclusions and host quartz in a Yellowstone rhyolite." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 326 (2022): 56–76.
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Pieterek, B., J. Ciazela, M. Boulanger, M. Lazarov, A. V. Wegorzewski, M. Panczyk, H. Strauss, H. J. B. Dick, A. Muszynski, J. Koepke et al. "Sulfide enrichment along igneous layer boundaries in the lower oceanic crust : IODP Hole U1473A, Atlantis Bank, Southwest Indian Ridge." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 320 (2022): 179–206.
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Vezinet, A., E. Thomassot, Y. Luo, C. Sarkar, and D. G. Pearson. "Diachronous redistribution of Hf and Nd isotopes at the crystal scale—consequences for the isotopic evolution of a poly-metamorphic crustal terrane." 12, no. 36 (2022).
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Wolzlaw, J. F., L. Bastian, M. Guillong, F. Forni, O. Laurent, J. Neukampf, R. Sulpizio, C. Chelle-Michou, and O. Bachmann. "Garnet petrochronology reveals the lifetime and dynamics of phonolitic magma chambers at Somma-Vesuvius." Science Advances 8 (2022): eabk2184.
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2021

Abidi, R., C. Marignac, E. Deloule, C. Hibsch, D. Gasquet, C. Renac, A. K. Somarin, N. Hatira, and N. Slim-Shimi. "Interplay of magmatic and diapiric environments in the Djebel El Hamra Pb-Zn-Hg ore district, northern Tunisia." Mineralium Deposita 57 (2021): 35–60.
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Azevedo-Vannson, S., L. France, and G. Chazot J. Ingrin. "Mantle metasomatic influence on water contents in continental lithosphere : New constraints from garnet pyroxenite xenoliths (France & Cameroon volcanic provinces)." Chemical Geology 575 (2021): 120257.
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Barbey, P., M. Grandprat, and F. Faure. "Cordierite-bearing orbicules record bulk assimilation and the pulsating nature of magma ascent : The Lafaye orbicular granite (France)." Journal of Petrology (2021): 1–23.
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Barré, G., E. Thomassot, R. Michels, P. Cartigny, P. Strzerzynski, and L. Truche. "Multiple sulfur isotopes signature of Thermochemical Sulfate Reduction (TSR) : Insights from Alpine Triassic evaporites." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 576 (2021): 117231.
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Bekaert, D. V., S. J. Turner, M. W. Broadley, J. D. Barnes, S. A. Halldorsson, J. Labidi, J. Wade, K. J. Walowski, and P. H. Barry. "Subduction-driven volatile recycling : A global mass balance." Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 49 (2021): 37–70.
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Bernadou, F., F. Gaillard, E. Füri, Y. Marrocchi, and A. Slodczyk. "Nitrogen solubility in basaltic silicate melt – Implications for degassing processes." Chemical Geology 573 (2021): 120192.
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Blard, P. H. "Cosmogenic 3He in terrestrial rocks: A review." Chemical Geology 586 (2021): 120543.
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Borisova, A. Y., N. R. Zagrtdenov, M. J. Toplis, W. A. Bohrson, A. Nédélec, O. G. Safonov, G. S. Pokrovski, G. Ceuleneer, I. N. Bindeman, O. E. Melnik et al. "Hydrated peridotite – basaltic melt interaction Part I : Planetary felsic crust formation at shallow depth." Frontiers in Earth Science 9 (2021): 640464.
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Boulanger, M., L. France, C. Ferrando, B. Ildefonse, B. Ghosh, A. Sanfilippo, C. Z. Liu, T. Morishita, J. Koepke, and O. Bruguier. "Magma-mush interactions in the lower oceanic crust : Insights From Atlantis bank layered series (Southwest Indian Ridge)." JGR Solid Earth 126, no. 9 (2021): e2021JB022331.
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Boulliung, J., C. Dalou, L. Tissandier, E. Füri, and Y. Marrocchi. "Nitrogen diffusion in silicate melts under reducing conditions." American Mineralogist 106 (2021): 662–666.
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Burness, S., E. Thomassot, K. A. Smart, and S. Tappe. "Sulphur isotopes (δ34S and ∆33S) in sulphides from cratonic mantle eclogites : A glimpse of volatile cycling in ancient subduction zones." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 572 (2021): 117118.
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Byrne, D. J., M. W. Broadley, S. A. Halldorsson, E. Ranta, A. Ricci, R. L. Tyne, A. Stefansson, C. J. Ballentine, and P. H. Barry. "The use of noble gas isotopes to trace subsurface boiling temperatures in Icelandic geothermal systems." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 560 (2021): 116805.
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Chen, C. H., F. Mentink-Vigier, J. Trébosc, I. Goldberga, P. Gaveau, E. Thomassot, and et al. "Labeling and probing the silica surface using mechanochemistry and 17O NMR spectroscopy." Chemistry A European Journal (2021).
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Chevreux, P., L. Tissandier, A. Laplace, T. Vitova, S. Bahl, F. Le Guyadec, and E. Deloule. "Uranium solubility and speciation in reductive soda-lime aluminosilicate glass melts." Journal of Nuclear Materials 544 (2021): 152666.
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Couzinié, S., P. Bouilhol, O. Laurent, L. Marko, and J. F. Moyen. "When zircon drowns: Elusive geochronological record of water-fluxed orthogneiss melting in the Velay dome (Massif Central, France)." Lithos 384-385 (2021): 106938.
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Debret, B., C. J. Garrido, J. Pons, P. Bouilhol, E. Inglis, V. Lopez Sanchez-Vizcaino, and H. Williams. "Iron and zinc stable isotope evidence for open-system high-pressure dehydration of antigorite serpentinite in subduction zones." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 296 (2021): 210–225.
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Füri, E., M. Portnyagin, N. Mironov, C. Deligny, A. Gurenko, R. Botcharnikov, and F. Holtz. "In situ quantification of the nitrogen content of olivine-hosted melt inclusions from Klyuchevskoy volcano (Kamchatka) : Implications for nitrogen recycling at subduction zones." Chemical Geology 582 (2021): 120456.
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Ferrando, C., V. Basch, B. Ildefonse, J. Deans, A. Sanfilippo, F. Barou, and L. France. "Role of compaction in melt extraction and accumulation at a slow spreading center: Microstructures of olivine gabbros from the Atlantis Bank (IODP Hole U1473A, SWIR)." Tectonophysics 815 (2021): 229001.
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