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Magmas and deep fluids

Animators : David Jousselin, Laurie Reisberg

Permanent investigators : Pierre Barbey, Pierre Bouilhol, Camille Cartier, Françoise Chalot-Prat, Etienne Deloule, Karine Devineau, François Faure, Lydéric France, Gaston Giuliani, Andrey Gurenko, David Jousselin, Béatrice Luais, Jean-Marc Montel, Raphaël Pik, Laurie Reisberg, Laurent Tissandier, Emilie Thomassot

Invited researchers / visitors :

Postdoc fellows : Céline Baudouin, Michael Broadley, Stepan Chernonozhkin, Célia Dalou, Carlotta Ferrando, Rémi Magott

PhD students : Marine Boulanger, Valentin Casola, Yumi Kitayama, Delphine Klaessens, Sarah Lang

former PhD students (since 2012) : Julien Amalberti (2015), Rémi Belissont (2016), Rémi Delon (2017), Martin Erdmann (2017), Julien Feneyrol (2012), Xiaoyan Gu (2016), Elodie Le Mignot (2014), Sarah Medynski (2013), Gaelle Mollex (2017), Marie Nicolle (2014)

Master students (2018) : Samantha Azevedo, Melvyn Billon, Florian Brouillet, Julien Jacquet, Alison Schmitt, Aurore Toussaint, Coralie Vesin


Exchanges between the deep envelopes of our planet and the surface are largely associated with the formation and movement of magma or deep fluids. The movement of these liquid phases is closely related to the internal dynamics of the Earth (plate tectonics, convection, and growth and recycling of the crust), to its differentiation, and to the creation of heterogeneities. The programme "Magma and deep fluids" is intended to contribute to the understanding and quantification of the processes involved in these exchanges, focusing on three points : the processes of magmatic evolution and their kinetics ; the modes of magma transfer between the mantle and crust ; and finally the origin, distribution, and role of deep silicate and non-silicate fluids. The approach is multidisciplinary, closely combining experimental petrology, field observation, and elemental and isotopic geochemical measurements at different scales.


Deep fluids, evolved magmatic fluids, and non-silicate magmas
Magmatic accretion
Kinetics of magmatic processes





These studies are based on the development of innovative isotopic tools that rely on the CRPG analytical facilities (ion probes, noble gas mass spectrometers, TIMS, and next-generation ICP-MS), and on the CRPG experimental petrology lab.




Magmas & deep fluids group working sites (under construction)


20 recent publications

2020

El Korh, A., M. C. Boiron, M. Cathelineau, E. Deloule, and B. Luais. "Tracing metallic pre-concentrations in the Limousin ophiolite-derived rocks and Variscan granites (French Massif Central)." Lithos (2020): 356–357.
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2019

Albert, H., F. Costa, A. Di Muro, J. Herrin, N. Metrich, and E. Deloule. "Magma interactions, crystal mush formation, timescales, and unrest during caldera collapse and lateral eruption at ocean island basaltic volcanoes (Piton de la Fournaise, La Reunion)." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 515 (2019): 187–199.
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Ayalew, D., R. Pik, N. Bellahsen, L. France, and G. Yirgu. "Differential fractionation of rhyolites during the course of crustal extension, Western Afar (Ethiopian Rift)." Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems G3 20, no. 2 (2019): 571–593.
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Baidada, B., M. Ikenne, P. Barbey, A. Soulaimani, B. Cousens, F. Haissen, S. Illmen, and A. Anlasari. "SHRIMP U–Pb zircon geochronology of the granitoids of the Imiter Inlier : Constraints on the Pan-African events in the Saghro massif, Anti-Atlas (Morocco)." Journal of African Earth Sciences 150 (2019): 799–810.
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Basch, V., E. Rampone, L. Crispini, C. Ferrando, B. Ildefonse, and M. Godard. "Multi-stage reactive formation of troctolites in slow-spreading oceanic lithosphere (Erro–Tobbio, Italy) : a combined field and petrochemical study." Journal of Petrology 60, no. 5 (2019): 873–906.
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Baudoin, C., and L. France. "Trace element partitioning between wollastonite and alkaline silicate magmas." Chemical Geology 523 (2019): 88–94.
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Belissont, R., M. Munoz, M. C. Boiron, B. Luais, and O. Mathon. "Germanium crystal chemistry in Cu-bearing sulfides from micro-XRF mapping and micro-XANES spectroscopy." Minerals 9, no. 4 (2019): 227.
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Burg, J. P., and P. Bouilhol. "Timeline of the South-Tibet-Himalayan belt: the geochronological record of subduction, collision, and underthrusting from zircon and monazite U-Pb ages." Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 56, no. 12 (2019): 1318–1332.
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Couzinié, S., O. Laurent, C. Chelle-Michou, P. Bouilhol, J. L. Paquette, Gannoun A.M., and J. F. Moyen. "Detrital zircon U–Pb–Hf systematics of Ediacaran metasediments from the French Massif Central:Consequence Detrital zircon U–Pb–Hf systematics of Ediacaran metasediments from the French Massif Central: Consequences for the crustal evolution of the north Gondwana margin." Precambrian Research 324 (2019): 269–284.
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Dalou, C., E. Füri, C. Deligny, L. Piani, G. Caumon, B. Laumonier, J. Boulliung, and M. Edén. "Redox control on nitrogen isotope fractionation during planetary core formation." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2019).
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Dalou, C., M. M. Hirschmann, S. D. Jacobsen, and C. Le Losq. "Raman spectroscopy study of C-O-H-N speciation in reduced basaltic glasses : Implications for reduced planetary mantles." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 265 (2019): 32–47.
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Delon, R., S. Demouchy, Y. Marrocchi, M. A. Bouhifd, P. Cordier, A. Addad, Burnard, and P.G. "Argon storage and diffusion in Earth’s upper mantle." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 253 (2019): 1–18.
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Deng, Z., M. Chaussidon, P. Savage, F. Robert, R. Pik, and F. Moynier. "Titanium isotopes as a tracer for the plume or island arc affinity of felsic rocks." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116, no. 4 (2019): 1132–1135.
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Fabrega, C., D. Parcerisa, M. Thiry, C. Franke, A. Gurenko, D. Gomez-Gras, J. Solé, and A. Travé. "Permian–Triassic red‑stained albitized profiles in the granitic basement of NE Spain: evidence for deep alteration related to the Triassic palaeosurface." International Journal of Earth Sciences (2019).
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Fallick, A. E., G. Giuliani, T. Rigaudier, A. J. Boyce, V. L. Pham, and V. Pardieu. "Remarkably uniform oxygen isotope systematics for co-existing pairs of gem-spinel and calcite in marble, with special reference to Vietnamese deposits." Comptes Rendus. Géoscience 351 (2019): 27–36.
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Fitzpayne, A., A. Giuliani, C. Harris, E. Thomassot, C. Cheng, and J. Hergt. "Evidence for subduction-related signatures in the southern African lithosphere from the N-O isotopic composition of metasomatic mantle minerals." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 266 (2019): 237–257.
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Giuliani, G. "Curiosités Minéralogiques : une association émeraude, fluorite et calcite, fruit du transport du béryllium par des complexes fluorés et carbonatés." Le Règne Minéral 148 (2019): 56–57.
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Giuliani, G., L. A. Groat, D. Marshall, A. E. Fallick, and Y. Branquet. "Emerald deposits : A review and enhanced classification." Minerals 9, no. 105 (2019): 1–63.
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Giuliani, G., I. Pignatelli, C. Lheur, J. Feneyrol, N. Claiser, L. Tissandier, A. E. Fallick, A. Boyce, and D. Ohnenstetter. "Les zoïsites de Canari (France) et Merelani (Tanzanie) : similitudes et différences." Le Règne Minéral 149 (2019): 20–51.
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Laumonier, M., D. Laporte, F. Faure, A. Provost, P. Schiano, and K. Ito. "An experimental study of dissolution and precipitation of forsterite in a thermal gradient: implications for cellular growth of olivine phenocrysts in basalt and melt inclusion formation." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 174 (2019): 94.
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Maunder, B., J. van Hunen, P. Bouilhol, and V. Magni. "Modeling slab temperature: A reevaluation of the thermal parameter." Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems G3 20 (2019).
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Pignatelli, I., G. Giuliani, Ch. Morlot, and Pham V.L. "The texture and chemical composition of trapiche ruby from Khoan Thong, Luc Yen mining district, northern Vietnam." Journal of Gemmology 36, no. 8 (2019): 726–745.
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Portnyagin, M., N. Mironov, R. Botcharnikov, A. Gurenko, R. R. Almeev, C. Luft, and F. Holtz. "Dehydration of melt inclusions in olivine and implications for the origin of silica-undersaturated island-arc melts." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 517 (2019): 95–105.
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Richard, A., C. Morlot, L. Créon, N. Beaudoin, V. S. Balistky, S. Pentelei, V. Dyja-Person, G. Giuliani, I. Pignatelli, H. Legros et al. "Advances in 3D imaging and volumetric reconstruction of fluid and melt inclusions by high resolution X-ray computed tomography." Chemical Geology 508 (2019): 3–14.
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Sobolev, A. V., E. V. Asafov, A. A. Gurenko, N. T. Arndt, V. G. Batanova, M. V. Portnyagin, D. Garbe-Schönberg, A. H. Wilson, and G. R. Byerly. "Deep hydrous mantle reservoir provides evidence for crustal recycling before 3.3 billion years ago." Nature (2019).
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Voudouris, P., C. Mavrogonatos, I. Graham, A. Giuliani, A. Tarantola, V. Melfos, S. Karampelas, A. Katerinopoulos, and A. Magganas. "Gemstones of Greece : Geology and crystallizing environments." Minerals 9 (2019): 461.
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Voudouris, P., C. Mavrogonatos, I. Graham, G. Giuliani, V. Melfos, S. Karampelas, V. Karantoni, K. Wang, A. Tarantola, K. Zaw et al. "Gem corundum deposits of Greece : Geology, mineralogy and genesis." Minerals 2019, no. 49 (2019): 1–42.
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Wang, K. K., I. T. Graham, L. Martin, P. Voudouris, G. Giuliani, A. Lay, and A. Fallick S. J. Harris. "Fingerprinting Paranesti rubies through oxygen isotopes." Minerals 9, no. 91 (2019): 1–14.
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2018

Amalberti, J., P. Burnard, L. Tissandier, and D. Laporte. "The diffusion coefficients of noble gases (He-Ar) in a synthetic basaltic liquid: One-dimensional diffusion experiments." Chemical Geology 480 (2018): 35–43.
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Asafov, E. V., A. V. Sobolev, A. A. Gurenko, N. T. Arndt, V. G. Batanova, M. V. Portnyagin, D. Garbe-Schönberg, and S. P. Krasheninnikov. "Belingwe komatiites (2.7 Ga) originate from a plume with moderate water content, as inferred from inclusions in olivine." Chemical Geology 478 (2018): 39–59.
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