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Magmas and deep fluids

Animators : David Jousselin, Laurie Reisberg

Permanent investigators : Pierre Barbey, Pierre Bouilhol, Camille Cartier, Françoise Chalot-Prat, Etienne Deloule, Karine Devineau, François Faure, Lydéric France, Gaston Giuliani, Andrey Gurenko, David Jousselin, Béatrice Luais, Jean-Marc Montel, Raphaël Pik, Laurie Reisberg, Laurent Tissandier, Emilie Thomassot

Invited researchers / visitors :

Postdoc fellows : Céline Baudouin, Michael Broadley, Stepan Chernonozhkin, Célia Dalou, Carlotta Ferrando, Rémi Magott

PhD students : Marine Boulanger, Valentin Casola, Yumi Kitayama, Delphine Klaessens, Sarah Lang

former PhD students (since 2012) : Julien Amalberti (2015), Rémi Belissont (2016), Rémi Delon (2017), Martin Erdmann (2017), Julien Feneyrol (2012), Xiaoyan Gu (2016), Elodie Le Mignot (2014), Sarah Medynski (2013), Gaelle Mollex (2017), Marie Nicolle (2014)

Master students (2018) : Samantha Azevedo, Melvyn Billon, Florian Brouillet, Julien Jacquet, Alison Schmitt, Aurore Toussaint, Coralie Vesin


Exchanges between the deep envelopes of our planet and the surface are largely associated with the formation and movement of magma or deep fluids. The movement of these liquid phases is closely related to the internal dynamics of the Earth (plate tectonics, convection, and growth and recycling of the crust), to its differentiation, and to the creation of heterogeneities. The programme "Magma and deep fluids" is intended to contribute to the understanding and quantification of the processes involved in these exchanges, focusing on three points : the processes of magmatic evolution and their kinetics ; the modes of magma transfer between the mantle and crust ; and finally the origin, distribution, and role of deep silicate and non-silicate fluids. The approach is multidisciplinary, closely combining experimental petrology, field observation, and elemental and isotopic geochemical measurements at different scales.


Deep fluids, evolved magmatic fluids, and non-silicate magmas
Magmatic accretion
Kinetics of magmatic processes





These studies are based on the development of innovative isotopic tools that rely on the CRPG analytical facilities (ion probes, noble gas mass spectrometers, TIMS, and next-generation ICP-MS), and on the CRPG experimental petrology lab.




Magmas & deep fluids group working sites (under construction)


20 recent publications

2020

Basch, V., G. Borghoni, P. Fumagalli, E. Rampone, C. Ferrando, and A. Gandolfo. "Plagioclase-facies thermobarometric evolution of the External Liguride pyroxenite-bearing mantle (Suvero, Italy)." Ofioliti 45, no. 1 (2020): 1–11.
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Blahut, J., I. Mitrovic-Woodell, I. Baron, M. René, M. Rowberry, P. H. Blard, J. F. Balek Hartvich, and S. Meletlidis. "Volcanic edifice slip events recorded on the fault plane of the San Andrés Landslide, El Hierro, Canary Islands." Tectonophysics 776 (2020): 228317.
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El Korh, A., M. C. Boiron, M. Cathelineau, E. Deloule, and B. Luais. "Tracing metallic pre-concentrations in the Limousin ophiolite-derived rocks and Variscan granites (French Massif Central)." Lithos (2020): 356–357.
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Skolotnev, S. G., A. Sanfilippo, A. Alexander Peyve, F. Muccini, S. Yu. Sokolov, C. Sani, O. Dobroliubova, C. Ferrando, N. P. Chamov, C. Palmiotto et al. "Large-scale structure of the Doldrums multi-fault transform system (7-8ºN Equatorial Atlantic): preliminary results from the 45th expedition of the R/V A.N. Strakhov." Ofioliti 45, no. 1 (2020): 25–41.
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Zanon, V., A. Pimentel, M. Auxerre, G. Marchini, and F. M. Stuart. "Unravelling the magma feeding system of a young basaltic oceanic volcano." Lithos 352-353 (2020): 105325.
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2019

Albert, H., F. Costa, A. Di Muro, J. Herrin, N. Metrich, and E. Deloule. "Magma interactions, crystal mush formation, timescales, and unrest during caldera collapse and lateral eruption at ocean island basaltic volcanoes (Piton de la Fournaise, La Reunion)." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 515 (2019): 187–199.
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Ayalew, D., R. Pik, N. Bellahsen, L. France, and G. Yirgu. "Differential fractionation of rhyolites during the course of crustal extension, Western Afar (Ethiopian Rift)." Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems G3 20, no. 2 (2019): 571–593.
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Baidada, B., M. Ikenne, P. Barbey, A. Soulaimani, B. Cousens, F. Haissen, S. Illmen, and A. Anlasari. "SHRIMP U–Pb zircon geochronology of the granitoids of the Imiter Inlier : Constraints on the Pan-African events in the Saghro massif, Anti-Atlas (Morocco)." Journal of African Earth Sciences 150 (2019): 799–810.
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Barbey, P., F. Faure, J. L. Paquette, K. Pistre, C. Delangle, and J. P. Gremilliet. "Skeletal quartz and dendritic biotite: Witnesses of primary disequilibrium growth textures in an alkali-feldspar granite." Lithos 348-349 (2019): 105202.
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Basch, V., E. Rampone, L. Crispini, C. Ferrando, B. Ildefonse, and M. Godard. "Multi-stage reactive formation of troctolites in slow-spreading oceanic lithosphere (Erro–Tobbio, Italy) : a combined field and petrochemical study." Journal of Petrology 60, no. 5 (2019): 873–906.
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Baudouin, C., and L. France. "Trace element partitioning between wollastonite and alkaline silicate magmas." Chemical Geology 523 (2019): 88–94.
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Bekaert, D., M. W. Broadley, A. Caracausi, and B. Marty. "Novel insights into the degassing history of Earth’s mantle from high precision noble gas analysis of magmatic gas." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 525, no. 115766 (2019).
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Belissont, R., M. Munoz, M. C. Boiron, B. Luais, and O. Mathon. "Germanium crystal chemistry in Cu-bearing sulfides from micro-XRF mapping and micro-XANES spectroscopy." Minerals 9, no. 4 (2019): 227.
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Broadley, M. W., H. Sumino, D. W. Graham, R. Burgess, and C. J. Ballentine. "Recycled Components in Mantle Plumes Deduced From Variations in Halogens (Cl, Br, and I), Trace Elements, and 3He/4He Along the Hawaiian‐Emperor Seamount Chain." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems G3 20, no. 1 (2019): 277–294.
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Burg, J. P., and P. Bouilhol. "Timeline of the South-Tibet-Himalayan belt: the geochronological record of subduction, collision, and underthrusting from zircon and monazite U-Pb ages." Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 56, no. 12 (2019): 1318–1332.
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Couzinié, S., O. Laurent, C. Chelle-Michou, P. Bouilhol, J. L. Paquette, Gannoun A.M., and J. F. Moyen. "Detrital zircon U–Pb–Hf systematics of Ediacaran metasediments from the French Massif Central:Consequence Detrital zircon U–Pb–Hf systematics of Ediacaran metasediments from the French Massif Central: Consequences for the crustal evolution of the north Gondwana margin." Precambrian Research 324 (2019): 269–284.
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Dalou, C., E. Füri, C. Deligny, L. Piani, G. Caumon, B. Laumonier, J. Boulliung, and M. Edén. "Redox control on nitrogen isotope fractionation during planetary core formation." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2019).
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Dalou, C., M. M. Hirschmann, S. D. Jacobsen, and C. Le Losq. "Raman spectroscopy study of C-O-H-N speciation in reduced basaltic glasses : Implications for reduced planetary mantles." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 265 (2019): 32–47.
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Delon, R., S. Demouchy, Y. Marrocchi, M. A. Bouhifd, P. Cordier, A. Addad, Burnard, and P.G. "Argon storage and diffusion in Earth’s upper mantle." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 253 (2019): 1–18.
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Deng, Z., M. Chaussidon, P. Savage, F. Robert, R. Pik, and F. Moynier. "Titanium isotopes as a tracer for the plume or island arc affinity of felsic rocks." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116, no. 4 (2019): 1132–1135.
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El Korh, A., E. Deloule, B. Luais, M. C. Boiron, L. Bastian, and N. Vigier. "Lithium behaviour and isotope fractionation during fluid-rock interactions in Variscan oceanic suture zones : Limousin ophiolite and Ile de Groix high-pressure terrane (France)." Journal of Petrology (2019).
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Fabrega, C., D. Parcerisa, M. Thiry, C. Franke, A. Gurenko, D. Gomez-Gras, J. Solé, and A. Travé. "Permian–Triassic red‑stained albitized profiles in the granitic basement of NE Spain: evidence for deep alteration related to the Triassic palaeosurface." International Journal of Earth Sciences (2019).
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Fallick, A. E., G. Giuliani, T. Rigaudier, A. J. Boyce, V. L. Pham, and V. Pardieu. "Remarkably uniform oxygen isotope systematics for co-existing pairs of gem-spinel and calcite in marble, with special reference to Vietnamese deposits." Comptes Rendus. Géoscience 351 (2019): 27–36.
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Fitzpayne, A., A. Giuliani, C. Harris, E. Thomassot, C. Cheng, and J. Hergt. "Evidence for subduction-related signatures in the southern African lithosphere from the N-O isotopic composition of metasomatic mantle minerals." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 266 (2019): 237–257.
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Gigon, J., R. G. Skirrow, M. Harlaux, A. Richard, J. Mercadier, I. R. Annesley, and J. Villeneuve. "Insights into B-Mg-Metasomatism at the Ranger U Deposit (NT, Australia) and Comparison with Canadian Unconformity-Related U Deposits." Minerals 9, no. 432 (2019).
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Giuliani, G. "Curiosités Minéralogiques : une association émeraude, fluorite et calcite, fruit du transport du béryllium par des complexes fluorés et carbonatés." Le Règne Minéral 148 (2019): 56–57.
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Giuliani, G., and L. A. Groat. "Geology of corundum and emerald gem deposits : A review." Gems & Gemology 55, no. 4 (2019): 464–489.
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Giuliani, G., L. A. Groat, D. Marshall, A. E. Fallick, and Y. Branquet. "Emerald deposits : A review and enhanced classification." Minerals 9, no. 105 (2019): 1–63.
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Giuliani, G., I. Pignatelli, C. Lheur, J. Feneyrol, N. Claiser, L. Tissandier, A. E. Fallick, A. Boyce, and D. Ohnenstetter. "Les zoïsites de Canari (France) et Merelani (Tanzanie) : similitudes et différences." Le Règne Minéral 149 (2019): 20–51.
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Groat, L. A., G. Giuliani, J. Stone-Sundberg, Z. Sun, N. D. Renfro, and A. C. Palke. "A review of analytical methods used in geographic origin determination of gemstones." Gems & Gemology 55, no. 4 (2019): 512–535.
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