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Dehydration of melt inclusions in olivine and implications for the origin of silica-undersaturated island-arc melts

Portnyagin, M. ; Minorov, N. ; Botcharnikov, R. ; Gurenko, A. ; Almeev, R.R. ; Luft, C. ; Holtz, F., EPSL

Dehydration of melt inclusions in olivine and implications for the origin of silica-undersaturated island-arc melts

Portnyagin, M. ; Minorov, N. ; Botcharnikov, R. ; Gurenko, A. ; Almeev, R.R. ; Luft, C. ; Holtz, F.

Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2019, 517, 95-105

Abstract :

Primary subduction-related magmas build up modern continental crust and counterbalance massive recycling of crustal material into the deep mantle occurring at this tectonic setting. Melt inclusions in Mg-rich olivine are believed to be the best probes of primary subduction-related melts. However, unexpectedly, most of such inclusions are SiO2-undersaturated, in contrast to predominantly SiO2-saturated island-arc rocks. The origin of these melts has been explained by melting of amphibole-bearing pyroxenites in the lower crust or upper mantle. The current models fail, however, to explain the high abundance of SiO2-undersaturated melts as well as their compositional difference with host rocks for the major elements but not for incompatible trace elements. Here we report results from the investigation of rocks and melt inclusions in olivine from Klyuchevskoy volcano in Kamchatka. We show that experimental re-hydration of SiO2-undersaturated melt inclusions in olivine Fo85−90 at 300 MPa pressure and 1200 °C causes a concomitant enrichment of melt in H2O and SiO2 so that re-hydrated inclusions (4–5 wt% H2O) become as silica-saturated as primitive Klyuchevskoy rocks. An experimental dehydration of previously re-hydrated inclusions also resulted in coupled depletion of melt in H2O and SiO2. The estimated stoichiometry of SiO2 and H2O gain/loss is consistent with dissolution/crystallization of metal-defect olivine on inclusion walls. The migration mechanism of water is controlled by hydrogen diffusion in the octahedral metal (Mg, Fe) vacancies through olivine structure as confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy. We conclude that the previously reported SiO2-undersaturated composition of many melt inclusions from hypersthene-normative island-arc rocks can be explained by the coupled loss of up to several weight percent of H2O and SiO2 from the initially trapped primitive SiO2-saturated hydrous melts. Thus, SiO2-undersaturated melt inclusions may not be representative of primitive island-arc magmas. The discovery of the coupled SiO2 and H2O loss from inclusions allowed us to propose a method for reconstruction of the initial water content even for completely dehydrated inclusions. The results of this study may indicate that the majority of primitive island-arc inclusions have not preserved their initial H2O content, and that primary arc melts contain on average ≥4 wt% H2O. The higher H2O concentration in primary arc melts implies the existence of a ‘crustal filter’ controlling the water content, which can be preserved in melt inclusions, and also the lower mantle melting temperatures and higher output H2O fluxes in subduction zones than previously estimated based on direct determination of H2O in potentially dehydrated melt inclusions.

Voir en ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019...




publié mardi 30 avril 2019