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Active tectonics around the Yakutat indentor : New geomorphological constraints on the eastern Denali, Totschunda and Duke River Faults

Marechal, A. ; Ritz, J.F. ; Ferry ; M. ; Mazzotti, S. ; Blard, P.H. ; Braucher, R. ; Saint-Carlier, D., EPSL

Active tectonics around the Yakutat indentor : New geomorphological constraints on the eastern Denali, Totschunda and Duke River Faults

Marechal, A. ; Ritz, J.F. ; Ferry ; M. ; Mazzotti, S. ; Blard, P.H. ; Braucher, R. ; Saint-Carlier, D.

Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2018, 482, 71-80

Abstract :

The Yakutat collision in SE Alaska – SW Yukon is an outstanding example of indentor tectonics. The impinging Yakutat block strongly controls the pattern of deformation inland. However, the relationship between this collision system and inherited tectonic structures such as the Denali, Totschunda, and Duke River Faults remains debated. A detailed geomorphological analysis, based on high-resolution imagery, digital elevation models, field observations, and cosmogenic nuclide dating, allow us to estimate new slip rates along these active structures. Our results show a vertical motion of 0.9 ± 0.3 mm/yr along the whole eastern Denali Fault, while the dextral component of the fault tapers to less than 1 mm/yr ∼80 km south of the Denali–Totschunda junction. In contrast, the Totschunda Fault accommodates 14.6 ± 2.7 mm/yr of right-lateral strike-slip along its central section ∼100 km south of the junction. Further south, preliminary observations suggest a slip rate comprised between 3.5 and 6.5 mm/yr along the westernmost part of the Duke River thrust fault. Our results highlight the complex partitioning of deformation inland of the Yakutat collision, where the role and slip rate of the main faults vary significantly over distances of ∼100 km or less. We propose a schematic model of present-day tectonics that suggests ongoing partitioning and reorganization of deformation between major inherited structures, relay zones, and regions of distributed deformation, in response to the radial stress and strain pattern around the Yakutat collision eastern syntaxis.

Voir en ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2017...




publié jeudi 10 janvier 2019