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Multiple episodes of fast exhumation since Cretaceous in southeast Tibet, revealed by low-temperature thermochronology

Liu-Zeng, J. ; Zhang, J. ; McPhillips, D. ; Reiners, P. ; Wang, W. ; Pik, R. ; Zeng, L. ; Hoke, G. ; Xie, K. ; Xiao, P. ; Zheng, D. ; Ge, Y., EPSL

Multiple episodes of fast exhumation since Cretaceous in southeast Tibet, revealed by low-temperature thermochronology

Liu-Zeng, J. ; Zhang, J. ; McPhillips, D. ; Reiners, P. ; Wang, W. ; Pik, R. ; Zeng, L. ; Hoke, G. ; Xie, K. ; Xiao, P. ; Zheng, D. ; Ge, Y.

Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2018, 490,62-76

Abstract

The southeast margin of the Tibetan plateau is characterized by deeply incised river valleys separated by a perched low relief landscape that gently descends from the high Tibetan plateau towards the southeast. When and how this unique landscape formed is debated. The onset of increased river incision is often interpreted as a proxy for the timing of surface uplift. Here, apatite and zircon (U–Th)/He and apatite fission track thermochronometries are employed to map the spatial and temporal pattern of exhumation in the region. Vertical profiles of granitic rocks were collected near Deqin (∼28.5°N) and Weixi (∼27.5°N). The two transects share a similar exhumation history, with two episodes of relatively fast exhumation (∼100–300 m/Myr) in the Cenozoic : during the Paleocene to Eocene (60–40 Ma) and Miocene to present (20–0 Ma), separated by an intervening period of slow exhumation. A pulse of moderate to high exhumation (70–300 m/Myr) during the mid- to late-Cretaceous (120–80 Ma) is also present in the data. However, the rate and total amount of exhumation near Deqin is larger than at Weixi and is especially pronounced in the interval between 20 Ma to present. We interpret this difference as possibly related to differences in erosion rates between the Lancang (Deqin) and the Jinsha (Weixi) rivers. The Paleocene to Eocene episode of fast exhumation is likely in response to early Cenozoic deformation along tectonic boundary structures, related to the transpressional collision of the Indian plate with this region. Pre-Miocene episodes of fast exhumation corroborate recent paleoaltimetric studies, which show that the southeast margin of the Tibetan plateau was elevated prior to the Oligocene.

Voir en ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018...




publié lundi 3 décembre 2018