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Tracing metal sources in peribatholitic hydrothermal W deposits based on the chemical composition of wolframite : The example of the Variscan French Massif Central

Harlaux, M. ; Mercadier, J. ; Marignac, C. ; Peiffert, C. ; Cloquet, C. ; Cuney, M., Chemical Geology

Tracing metal sources in peribatholitic hydrothermal W deposits based on the chemical composition of wolframite : The example of the Variscan French Massif Central

Harlaux, M. ; Mercadier, J. ; Marignac, C. ; Peiffert, C. ; Cloquet, C. ; Cuney, M.

Chemical Geology, 2018, 479, 58-85

Abstract :

We present a complete dataset for major, minor and trace elements in wolframite ([Fe,Mn]WO4) based on the example of several peribatholitic hydrothermal W deposits located in the Variscan French Massif Central (FMC). The wolframite samples were characterized down to the micrometer scale by combining scanning electron microscopy observations and in situ chemical analysis by electron probe microanalyzer and laser ablation –inductively coupled plasma – mass spectrometry. Most samples are Fe-dominated wolframites and are characterized by variable Fe/(Fe +Mn) values for the studied deposits (from 0.36 to 0.86) without significant alteration features. Wolframites present intracrystalline variations for concentrations of several minor and trace elements, principally for Nb, Ta, and Sn, which reflect growth zoning. The minor and trace element compositions of the different wolframite samples show at first order similar enrichments in Ta, Nb, Sn, Zn, and In, as well as depletions in LREE, Li, Th, Ti, Zr, Hf, Pb, V, Co, and Mg, compared to the upper continental crust. Second order compositional variations are observed between the studied deposits, which can be separated in four main regional geochemical groups. This work highlights that the chemical composition of wolframite is controlled by both the crystallochemical parameters and the composition of the primary hydrothermal fluid. The regional variations observed in the geochemical signatures of wolframite reflect local variations in the composition of the hydrothermal fluid, i.e. variable metal sources. Therefore, this suggests that the minor and trace element contents in wolframite likely represent direct markers of the source of the hydrothermal fluid and ultimately of the metals. The comparison between the trace element compositions of wolframite with the compositions of regional granitic rocks and worldwide shales suggests that evolved peraluminous granites represent the main source of metals in peribatholitic hydrothermal W deposits from the FMC, whereas metasedimentary rocks have a limited to no influence on the metal budget.

Voir en ligne : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2...




publié vendredi 16 mars 2018